In this article, I will show you how to install and use Vagrant on Windows 10. First, we will install the required tools and then we will up and run an Ubuntu desktop vagrant box with vagrant commands.
What does Vagrant do?
– Create and destroy VMs
– Starts, stops, restarts VMs
– Access to VMs
– Networking and WM settings
– Orchestrates “provisioning” for on-demand setup
Steps to Up and Run Ubuntu Desktop (GUI Mode) via Vagrant
1- Install Git for Windows
Download URL: https://git-scm.com/download/win
Then during installation steps, select below settings:
- “Use Git from the Windows Command Prompt” with this option you will be able to use Git from both Git Bash and the Windows Command Prompt.
- “Checkout as-is, commit Unix-style line endings”
And finish the installation.
2- Install VirtualBox
For the sake of compatibility and in order to eliminate the version problems please install VirtualBox 5.1.14r112924 (Qt5.6.2) version.
Installation of VirtualBox is pretty straight-forward. Just click the .exe file and click next -> next -> next to finish installation.
Also, download Oracle VM VirtualBox Extension Pack.
Then, open VirtualBox and click File -> Preferences -> Extensions click the below icon
And select the extension pack and then click “Install” -> “I Agree” -> “Yes”
3- Install Vagrant
In order to eliminate compatibility issues, it is better to install Vagrant 1.9.2 version.
Vagrant Download Link: https://releases.hashicorp.com/vagrant/1.9.2/vagrant_1.9.2.msi
Install the Vagrant it is very easy to install and then restart your machine.
After these setting you should do below settings to run Vagrant without any problem:
1) Enable VT-X (Intel Virtualization Technology) in your computer bios settings.
2) Disable Hyper-V on program and features page in the control panel.
Download and Run Ubuntu Desktop (GUI) Vagrant Box on Windows 10
Open Git Bash and type “pwd” it should show your user directory as shown below:
Then, create a folder as “project” by using “mkdir projects” command.
Then, go to that folder with “cd projects”
Then create a folder for Ubuntu by using “mkdir ubuntu1404-desktop” command.
and go to that folder with “cd ubuntu1404-desktop” command.
After these steps run below commands sequentially:
vagrant init box-cutter/ubuntu1404-desktop
vagrant up –provider virtualbox
Then, Vagrant download and then run the box.
After these settings whenever you will run “vagrant up” command, Vagrant will run and open the Ubuntu in GUI mode as shown below:
Also, you can use any ready Vagrant box from below page.
Most Common Vagrant Commands
I will also summarise Vagrant commands with images. This time I will use “hashicorp/precise64” Linux box.
vagrant init: (initialize)
vagrant up: download image and do rest of the settings and power-up the box
vagrant status: Shows status
vagrant suspend: Saves the box’s current state
vagrant halt: shutdown the box (Power-off)
vagrant destroy: shutdown and delete the box
Vagrant init (Initialize)
Vagrant up (Run the VM)
Vagrant suspend (Save the VM’s State)
Vagrant halt (Shut down the VM)
Vagrant ssh (Connecting non-gui Linux OS)
Vagrant version (Get Version Information)
Version Control of Vagrant by Using Git
You can edit VagrantFile and commit the modifications in a git repo by using below commands.
git version: get version information
git init: initialize the repo
git add: adding files to git repo
git commit -m “comment”: committing a file with a comment
git log –oneline: showing log history one line
git status: showing status of modifications
git ignore: Ignores the file types and do not hold them in the repo.
Create a .gitignore file and add “.vagrant” in it.
Add and Commit it into repo:
QUIZ TIME :)
How do you start a virtual machine with Vagrant?
A vagrant box must exist on the local system before the vagrant up command can be called.
How does Vagrant allow for keeping files synchronised between the host and the guest?
How do we stop our vagrant-managed virtual machine from running?
vagrant suspend (save the state)
vagrant halt (shutdown)
vagrant destroy (shutdown and delete)
The vagrant status command tells us the current state of the vagrant-managed virtual machine for our project.
In this article, we learnt how to install, use, up and run a Vagrant Box in windows 10. I hope this helps you in your test environment needs.
Onur Baskirt is a senior IT professional with 15+ years of experience. Now, he is working as a Senior Technical Consultant at Emirates Airlines in Dubai.